中文 (简体)
Position: Home> About GACC > GACC Policy/Market Opportunities > Announcement on the Requirements on the Requirement of Venezuela Fresh Elite Plant Quarantine

Announcement on the Requirements on the Requirement of Venezuela Fresh Elite Plant Quarantine

According to the relevant laws and regulations of my country and the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the requirements of the people's regime of the people's regime of the People's Republic of Venezuela Bolivar, the Real Estate Department of Venezuela's Avocity Plant Quarantine, from now on, the Venezuela fresh crocodile that meets the relevant requirements below allows Pear imports.


1. Inspection and quarantine basis


(1) "The Law of the People's Republic of China";


(2) The "Law of the People's Republic of China in and out of the country" and the implementation regulations;


(3) "Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China" and implementation regulations;


(4) "Measures for the Supervision and Supervision and Supervision and Quarantine of Entry Fruits";


(5) The General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the People's Regime of Venezuela Bolivar, the Ministry of Agricultural Production and Land of the People's Government of Venezuela.


2. Allow the name of entering the country


Fresh Earn (hereinafter referred to as "avocado"), the scientific name Persea Americana Mills., English name Avocado.


Third, the place where allowed


Venezuela Langli Production Area.


Fourth, approved orchard, packaging factory


The transit orchard and packaging plant shall review and register the approval of the Agricultural Production and Land Department of the People's Regime of Venezuela Bolivar Republic (hereinafter referred to as the "committee"), and shall be approved by the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "China"). Registration information must include names, addresses, and registration numbers so that exported goods can accurately trace the source when not in compliance with relevant regulations. Before the annual export season, the committee needs to provide the Chinese side with a list of registration. After the Chinese side is approved and approved, China will announce it on the website of the General Administration of Customs.


5. The list of quarantine and harmful biological lists that China pays attention to


  1. Avocado Stenoma Catenifer


  2. South America according to real flies Anastrepha Fraterculus


3. Dark Real Fly Anastrepha Serpentina


4. Striped by real fly AnastRepha Striata




6. Coconutfast Aleurodicus Cocois


7. Spiralfu Aleurodicus Dispersus


  8. Giant White Palace Aleurodicus Dugesii


  9. Coconutfate Aleurodicus Pulvinatus


10. Lopholecaspis Cockerlli


11. Avocado Sunblotch Viroid (ASBVD)


6. Inspection and quarantine before export


(1) Orchard management.


  1. The Loan Orchards should establish and implement a good agricultural operation specification (GAP) under the supervision of the committee, maintain the sanitary conditions of the orchard, clean up the fruit in time, and implement the comprehensive control of harmful biological (IPM), including harmful biological surveys, monitoring, chemistry or biological biology Prevention and control measures such as prevention and control and agricultural operations avoid or minimize the number of quarantine harmful creatures on the occurrence of Chinese concerns.


  2. The committee shall organize the implementation of orchard monitoring in accordance with the requirements of international plant quarantine measures No. 6 (ISPM 6) to formulate management plans to formulate orchards. Comprehensive management measures for harmful creatures must be provided by the commission before the trade starts. The monitoring and prevention of harmful creatures shall be implemented under the guidance of professional and technical personnel. Technicians shall receive training from the committee or its authorized agency.


3. The transit orchard should retain the harmful biological monitoring survey and prevention records of the prevention and control records at least two years, and it should be provided by the committee of the committee. Harm monitoring and prevention records shall include at least monitoring time, harmful biological names discovered, and preventive measures taken. Chemical prevention and control records should include detailed information such as the name, active ingredients, concentration, and date of application in all chemical reagents used in the growth season.


4. For avocado moths, the losses should be produced in the non -epidemic -producing area of Avocado Moth. The committee is established in accordance with the principle of international plant quarantine measures No. 10 (ISPM 10), and is approved by the committee and China. In the non -epidemic area and a buffer area (0.5 km around the non -epidemic area), monitoring and survey should be carried out (see Annex 1). If the Avocado moth is found in a non -epidemic area, the committee shall cancel the non -epidemic status of the production area, and inform the Chinese side within 48 hours, and immediately start the national emergency action plan of the fruit pest (see Affiliated 2). When the committee is removed from the epidemic and is recognized by the Chinese side, the non -epidemic area can be restored. The committee shall request the monitoring and survey results of the previous year's quarantine harmful creatures in the previous year.


5. For the Mediterranean solid flies, South America, according to real flies, dark real flies and stripes according to real flies, the committee shall establish a monitoring prevention and control system in the avocado production area. Loan orchard needs to start from the flowering period of avocado to the end of the harvest season. The density of the capture device is 1 per hectare, and at least 3 orchards with less than 3 hectares of orchards are installed once a week. If real flies are monitored, comprehensive management measures need to be taken immediately, such as cleaning the fruit on the ground, removing the surrounding replacement host, using chemical control or biological control measures, or using other control methods to control harmful creatures or maintain harmful creatures Low popularity.


6. For avocado virus, the orchard monitoring system should be established to strengthen the management of orchard. In the long run of avocado, the field monitoring survey is carried out at least once a month. Once you find that the trees are weak, the trunk is short, the branches are bent on the ground, the leaves are green and twisted, or the fruit is yellow, white or pink, or a signs such as the signs of the falling volcanic mouth lesions, it should be Take samples in time and send laboratories for molecular biology identification. If it is confirmed to be a Schroboic virus sensing plant, the entire plant and the root of the tree must be removed and destroyed to prevent the passing through the root; At the same time, strengthen investigation and monitoring of surrounding plants.


7. For other quarantine -based harmful creatures, such as coconut midf hud, spiral midfight, giant whitephotus, coconut melon, elm and white slices, etc., monitoring and surveys must be carried out in the growth season. once. The investigation focuses on whether the fruit, fruit handles, branches, stems, and leaves focus on whether there are targets and harmful creatures. If harmful creatures or corresponding symptoms are found, preventive measures including chemical or biological prevention should be taken in time to control the level of low levels of harmful creatures or maintain the low level of harmful creatures.


(2) Packaging plant management.


  1. The process of transmission, packaging, storage, and transportation of Lunari must be carried out under the supervision of the committee or its authorized agency.


  2. During the processing and packaging process of Lacquins, Lacquins should be washed through high -pressure spray water, brushing fruits, artificial picking, and classification to ensure that it does not bring any live insects, bad fruits, inferiority Fruit, scar fruit, black dot fruit, deformed fruit, etc.), branches, leaves, soil, etc. The fruit handle must not grow 3 mm.


3. If the packaged avocado needs to be stored, it should be stored immediately and stored separately to avoid being infected by harmful creatures.


(3) Packaging requirements.


  1. The packaging materials should be clean and unused, which meets the requirements of China's relevant plant quarantine.


  2. Each packaging box must be marked with information such as fruit names, countries, origin, orchard and packaging factory names or registered numbers. Each packaging box and tray must be marked with Chinese or English "to the People's Republic of China" or "Exported to the People's Republic of China".


3. The container to transport Huadye must check whether there are good sanitary conditions when packing, and necessary insect -proof measures should be taken.


4. If the wooden packaging is used, it must meet the requirements of the international plant quarantine measures No. 15 (ISPM 15).


(4) Inspection and quarantine before export.


  1. The committee or its authorized personnel shall sample the sample inspection of each batch of loses of the Chinese avocado according to the ratio of 2%per batch of goods. For sectional examinations, the number of cuts per batch of goods must not be less than 60. If there is no plant quarantine problem in two years, the number of samples can be reduced to 1%, but the sampling amount must not be less than 1200 fruits.


  2. If it is found that the quarantine and harmful biological lives are found by China, the entire batch of goods shall not be exported to China. If you find avocado, the committee will also suspend the status of the corresponding non -epidemic area and immediately notify the Chinese side. When the committee is removed and recognized by the Chinese side, the status of the relevant non -epidemic -producing area can be restored. The committee shall preserve the relevant records and should be provided to the Chinese side.


(5) Plant quarantine certificate requirements.


  1. The qualified avocado should issue a plant quarantine certificate to indicate the name of orchard, packaging factory name or its registration number and container number, and indicate in an additional statement: "This consignment complies with the requirements specified in the protocol of PHYTOSANITARY Requirements for Export of Fresh Avocado From Venezula to CHINA, and is free from quarantine Pests of CONCERN to China. " Plant quarantine protocol requirement, no Chinese attention is harmful biology).


  2. The committee shall provide the Chinese side quarantine certificate sample to the Chinese side before the start of the trade so that the Chinese side will be filled in the verification.


7. Entry inspection and quarantine and unqualified treatment


When the Luno Avocado arrived at the port of China, the Chinese Customs implemented inspection and quarantine in accordance with the following requirements.


(1) Certificate and logo verification.


  1. Check whether the imported avocado obtains the "Entry and Plant Quarantine License".


  2. Check whether the plant quarantine certificate meets the provisions of Article 6 (5) of this announcement.


3. Check whether the identification on the packaging box and the tray meets the provisions of Article 6 (3) of this announcement.


(2) Entry inspection and quarantine.


  1. Luno avocado should enter the port and airports of imported fruits from China.


  2. According to relevant laws, administrative regulations, and rules, the import and quarantine of the import of avocado is allowed to enter the country if they pass the inspection and quarantine.


(3) Unqualified processing.


  1. If it is found that the unruly orchard and packaging factories are found, the batch of goods will not be allowed to enter the country.


  2. If the quarantine -harmful creature or Venezuela's new quarantine is found by China, the cargo is returned, destroyed or removed.


3. If it is found that it does not meet the national standard of food safety, the batch of goods will be returned or destroyed.


4. If the above -mentioned unqualified situation is found, China will notify the committee and suspend the lunar loses in the export season related orchard or packaging factory. If it is from the non -epidemic area of avocado moth, it will immediately cancel the status of the relevant non -epidemic area. The committee shall conduct investigations to find out the reason and implement corresponding improvement measures. China will decide whether to cancel the suspension measures based on the results of the commission.


  Special announcement.



September 18, 2023


Hockear woven moth monitoring method


The transliteration orchard should strengthen the monitoring of the orchards for avocado moths. In the avocado area and buffer (0.5 km), monitoring and survey is carried out in the following ways:

1. Investigation

When each investigation, the investigation area is determined, and the area of the investigation area is 10%of the orchard area. In order to prevent repeated samples from the previous survey, different areas should be selected for each survey. In the survey area, 15 sample trees per hectare (less than 1 hectares are implemented according to this standard).

The sampling is randomly carried out according to Z, X or W, and investigated every 30 days. For each sample tree, choose 10 fruits (landing or suspicious infection fruit) each for cutting the fruit inspection to do a good job of identification and record.

2. Monitoring Motor Socale Moth

In the avocado area, avocado moth is monitored by the traps. The suspension density of the catcher is 1 hectares per 10 hectares, and a single orchard less than 10 hectares needs to be suspended. The use of the capture device is carried out in accordance with the product manual, and trainers of the Economic Commission or its authorized agency inspect and record the results of the capture results at least once every two weeks.

3. Cushioning monitoring

The monitoring area is 10%of the planting area in the buffer area.

If there is a sporadic crowded, you should choose a fruit cutting survey by the tree.


Avocado Moth National Emergency Action Plan


Once you find avocado moths in a non -epidemic area, the committee needs to start the national emergency action plan of the fruit pest, and take the following prevention and control and eradication measures:

First, use the appropriate method to remove the fruit of harmful biological infections.

2. Centered on the discovery point of the tree, and the radius of the definition radius is 50 meters and 500 meters of prevention and control areas (inner circles) and monitoring areas (outer circles).

In the prevention and control area, the trees are applied once a week and the soil pharmaceutical treatment is treated once every two weeks, and it lasted for three months. According to the requirements of the operation specifications of the committee (see Annex 1 "Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring Monitoring"), a sampling survey every two weeks to evaluate its control effect. If it is found that Aocato woven moths are found, no less than 5 catcher monitoring at the same time should be suspended at the same time (about 4. May). Check it every two weeks, and replace the core of the warrior according to the instructions.

In the monitoring area, the sampling survey area is 20%of the planting area area, and it is investigated once a month with a cutting method (see Annex 1 "Socale Morphology Monitoring Method").

Third, the recovery of non -epidemic areas must be recovered to meet the discovery of harmful creatures and adopted eradication measures for three consecutive generations.

If the implementation of three generations for the implementation of the target's harmful creatures and not discovered, emergency operations can be terminated, and monitoring and survey can be restored to conventional requirements.

Submit your message online